PENJELASAN TENTANG LUASNYA RAHMAT الله, ATAS DASAR SIKAP OPTIMISME KEPADA YANG DEMIKIAN.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Dan adalah رسول الله SAW sangat menyukai sikap optimis, dan tiadalah bagi kita suatu amal yang lebih diharapkan akan maghfirah-Nya selain mengikuti jejak رسول الله SAW didalam hal optimis akan rahmat الله, dan kita mengharap semoga kita diakhirkan dengan kebaikan baik di dunia maupun di akhirat. الله Ta’ala telah berfirman :
ان الله لا يغفر ان يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء
Sesungguhnya الله tiada mengampuni dosa syirik dan akan mengampuni selain daripada syirik kepada orang yang dikehendaki
Dan الله Ta’ala telah berfirman telah berfirman, :
قل ياعبادى الذين اسرفواعلى انفسهم لاتقنطوامن رحمة الله ان الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا انه هو الغفور الرحيم
Katakan kepada hambaku yang melampaui batas atas diri mereka, “Janganlah kalian semua berputus asa dari rahmart الله. Sesungguhnya الله mengampuni semua dosa. Sesungguhnya Dia Maha Pengampun dan Maha Kasih.
Dan الله Ta’ala berfirman, :
ومن يعمل سوءااويظلم نفسه ثم يستغفرالله يجد الله غفورا رحيما
Barang siapa yang berbuat keburukan atau menganiaya diri mereka sendiri kemudian ia memohon maaf kepada الله niscaya ia mendapati الله itu Maha Pengampun dan Maha Pengasih
Sesungguhnya Dzat Yang Maha Pemurah, kebaikan-Nya meliputi segala hal, luas rahmat-Nya, kemurahan-Nya melimpah kepada segala jenis makhluk sementara kita adalah salah satu makhluk dari makhluk-makhluk الله Azza wa Jalla. Tidak ada jalan untuk sampai kepada-Nya melainkan dengan kemurahan dan fadhal-Nya. Telah bersabda رسول الله SAW, :
ان الله تعالى مائة رحمة انزل منها رحمة واحدة بين الجن والانس والطير والبهائم والهوام, فبها يتعاطهون وبها يتراحمون وأخر تسعا وتسعين رحمة يرحم بها عبادهم يوم القيامة
Sesungguhnya الله Ta’ala memiliki seratus rahmat, satu rahmat diturunkan ke bumi dibagi antara jin dan manusia dan burung-burung dan binatang dan serangga. Maka dengan satu rahmat itu mereka mendapatkan rizki, dan dengannya mereka sayang menyayangi. Dan الله mengakhirkan 99 rahmat yang dengannya الله mengasihi hamba-Nya kelak di hari kiyamat.
Dan telah diriwayatkan apabila telah datang hari kiyamat الله Ta’ala mengeluarkan kitab yang berasal dari bawah ‘Arsy, yang tertulis : ان رحمتي سبقت غضبى وأنا ارحم الراحمين (Sesungguhnya rahmat-Ku mendahului amarah-Ku, dan Aku adalah Yang Maha penyayang diantara para penyayang). Maka keluarlah dari neraka sebanyak orang ahli surga.
Telah bersabda رسول الله SAW :
يتجلي الله عز وجل لنا يوم القيامة ضاحكا فيقول ابشروا معشر المسلمين فانه ليس منكم الا وقد جعلت مكانه في النار يهوديا او نصرانيا
Sesungguhnya الله Azza wa Jalla menampakkan diri (tajaly) kepada kita kelak di hari kiyamat seraya tersenyum dan berfirman, “Berilah kabar gembira kepada segenap kaum muslimin bahwasanya tidak sekali diantara kamu sekalian melainkan telah Aku gantikan tempat mereka di neraka dengan orang yahudi atau nasrani.
Dan telah bersabda Nabi SAW, :
يشفع الله تعالى أدم يوم القيامة من جميع ذريته في مائة الف الف وعشرة ألاف ألف
Kelak di hari kiyamat Nabi Adam AS memohonkan syafaat kepada الله SWT untuk semua anak keturunannya sebanyak 110 juta orang.
Dan telah bersabda رسول الله SAW,
ان الله عز وجل يقول يوم القيامة للمؤمنين هل احببتم لقائي فيقولون نعم يا ربنا فيقول لما ؟ فيقولون رجونا عفوك ومغفرتك فيقول قد اوجبت لكم مغفرتي
Sesungguhnya الله Azza wa Jalla berfirman kepada orang-orang Mukmin kelak di hari kiyamat “Apakah kamu sekalian senang bertemu dengan-Ku ?” Mereka menjawab, “Benar wahai Tuhanku”. Maka الله berfirman, “Karena apa ?”. Mereka menjawab, “Kami mengharapkan ampunan dan maghfirah-Mu”. الله Ta’ala berfirman, “Sungguh telah Aku pastikan bagi kamu semua akan ampunan-Ku”.
Telah bersabda رسول الله SAW yang artinya, “Apabila penduduk neraka telah berkumpul di dalam neraka, demikian pula orang-orang yang dikehendaki الله SWT dari orang-orang yang ahli ibadah, maka berkatalah orang kafir kepada orang Islam, “Bukankah kamu orang-orang Islam ?”. Kaum muslimin menjawab, “Benar”.
Orang kafirpun bertanya, “Lalu apa gunanya keislaman kalian jika kalian akhirnya bersama kami di neraka ?”
Orang Islam pun menjawab, “Sesungguhnya kami memiliki dosa sehingga kami dihukum karenanya”.
Maka الله Azza wa Jalla mendengar perbincangan mereka dan memerintahkan agar orang-orang Islam yang mau beribadah tadi dikeluarkan dari neraka, maka dikeluarkanlah mereka semua. Tatkala orang-orang kafir melihat hal yang demikian, mareka berkata,” يا ليت كنا مسلمين فنخرج كما أخرجوا
“Wahai kiranya aku ini dahulu menjadi orang Islam sehingga kami dikeluarkan sebagaimana mereka dikeluarkan”.
Kemudian رسول الله SAW membaca firman الله SWT,
ربما يود الذين كفروا لو كانوا مسلمون
Boleh jadi orang-orang kafir itu sangat menginginkan jika mereka itu (dahulunya) menjadi orang Islam
Dan telah bersabda رسول الله SAW, “Sesungguhnya الله SWT itu lebih sayang kepada hambanya melebihi kedua orang tuanya yang menyayangi puteranya”.
Sahabat Jabir bin AbdiLlah RA berkata, “Barang siapa yang kebaikannya melebihi keburukannya kelak di hari kiyamat, maka maka dialah orang yang dapat masuk surga tanpa hisab. Dan barang siapa yang sama diantara perbuatan baik dan buruknya, maka mereka itu akan mengalami hisab yang ringan / mudah kemudian masuk surga. Sesungguhnya syafa’at رسول الله SAW itu bagi orang yang berbuat kesalahan dan mau menanggung beban di atas punggungnya.
Dan telah diriwayatkan bahwa الله Azza wa Jallah telah berfirman kepada Nabi Musa AS, “Wahai Musa, Qarun telah meminta pertolongan kepadamu namun tidak engkau tolong. Demi keagungan dan kemulyaan-Ku, seandainya ia meminta tolong kepada-Ku niscaya Aku tolong dan Aku maafkan”.
Telah berjata As-Shanaajy, “Aku masuk ke rumah Ubadah bin Ash-Shaamit pada waktu ia menderita sakit yang hendak membawa kepada ajalnya. Aku menangis maka ia berkata, ‘Tenanglah, mengapa engkau menangis ?, Demi الله, tiada sesuatu haditspun yang aku dengar dari رسول الله SAW yang mengandung kebaikan melainkan aku beritakan kepada kamu semua kecuali satu buah hadits yang akan aku beritakan kepada kamu pada hari ini, dan sungguh aku telah mendengar رسول الله SAW bersabda, :
من شهد أن لااله الاالله وأن محمدا رسول الله حرم الله عليه النار
Barang siapayang bersaksi bahwa tidak ada Yang Disembah kecuali الله dan sesungguhnya محمد adalah utusan الله, maka الله mengharamkan baginya neraka.
Telah bersabda رسول الله SAW dalam akhir sebuah hadits yang panjang yang mengisahkan tentang kiyamat, dan shirat, bahwa الله SWT berfirman kepada para malaikat-Nya, “Barang siapa diantara kamu sekalian yang mendapati di dalam hati seorang hamba suatu kebaikan seberat satu dinar, maka keluarkanlah mereka dari neraka.” Kemudian dikeluarkanlah mereka dari neraka dan keluarlah mereka dari neraka dalam jumlah yang sangat banyak. Kemudian para malaikat berkata, “Wahai Tuhan kami, kami tiada lagi mendapati sebagaimana yang Engkau perintahkan”.
Kemudian الله SWT berfirman, “Kembalilah kalian, barang siapa diantara kalian yang mendapati kebaikan seberat setengah dinar maka keluarkanlah mereka dari neraka”. Maka mereka mengeluarkan makhluk dari neraka dalam jumlah yang banyak, kemudian berkata, “Wahai Tuhan kami, tiada lagi kami dapati seseorang sebagaimana yang Engkau perintahkan”.
Kemudian الله SWT berfirman, “Kembalilah kalian, barang siapa diantara diantara kalian yang mendapati kebaikan dari mereka seberat biji sawi, maka keluarkanlah mereka dari neraka”. Maka para malaikat itu mengeluarkan mereka dalam jumlah yang banyak kemudian berkata, “Wahai Tuhan kami, tiada lagi kami mendapati lagi seseorang sebagaimana yang Engkau perintahkan”.
Dan adalah Abu Said berkata, “Jika kalian tidak mempercayai hadits ini, maka bacalah apa saja sesuka kalian”
– ان الله لايظلم مثقال ذرة وان تك حسنة يضاعفها ويؤت من لدنه أجرا عظيما
Sesungguhnya Allah tiada menganiaya sedikitpun, dan sesungguhnya kebaikan akan dilipatgandakan dan diberi pahala dari sisi-Nya dengan pahala yang besar.
Mumia Abu-JamalMumia Abu-Jamal (born Wesley Cook on April 24, 1954) is an American who was convicted and sentenced to death for the 1981 murder of police officer Daniel Faulkner. Prior to his arrest he was a Black Panther Party activist, cab driver, and journalist. Since his conviction, his case has received international attention and he has become a controversial cultural icon. Supporters and opponents disagree on the appropriateness of the death penalty, whether he is guilty, or whether he received a fair trial. During his imprisonment he has published several books and other commentaries, notably Live from Death Row. As of 2008, his legal appeals are still unsettled and he is a prisoner at State Correctional Institution Greene near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania.
Early life and activismAbu-Jamal's father died when Abu-Jamal was nine years old. Abu-Jamal was given the name Mumia in 1968 by his high school teacher, a Kenyan instructing a class on African cultures in which students took African classroom names. He claims that 'Mumia' means "Prince" and was the name of anti-colonial African nationalists conducting warfare against the British in Kenya at the time of Kenya's independence movement. He adopted the surname Abu-Jamal ("father of Jamal" in Arabic) after the birth of his son Jamal on July 18, 1971. His first marriage at age 19, to Jamal's mother, Biba, was short-lived. Their daughter, Lateefa, was born shortly after the wedding. Mazi, Abu-Jamal's son by his second wife, Marilyn (known as "Peachie"), was born in early 1978. Abu-Jamal separated from Marilyn and commenced living with his third and current wife, Wadiya, shortly before the events that led to his incarceration.
In his own writings, Abu-Jamal describes his adolescent experience of being "kicked ... into the Black Panther Party" after suffering a beating from white racists and a policeman for his efforts to disrupt a George Wallace for President rally in 1968. The following year, at the age of 15, he helped form the Philadelphia branch of the Black Panther Party, taking appointment, in his own words, as the chapter's "Lieutenant of Information", exercising a responsibility for authoring propaganda and news communications. In one of the interviews he gave at the time he quoted Mao Zedong, saying that "political power grows out of the barrel of a gun". That same year, he dropped out of Benjamin Franklin High School and took up residence in the branch's headquarters. He spent the winter of 1969 in New York City and the spring of 1970 in Oakland, living and working with BPP colleagues in those cities. He was a party member from May 1969 until October 1970 and was subject to FBI COINTELPRO surveillance from then until about 1974.
Education and journalism career
After leaving the Panthers he returned to his old high school, but was suspended for distributing literature calling for "black revolutionary student power". He also led unsuccessful protests to change the school name to Malcolm X High. After attaining his GED, he studied briefly at Goddard College in rural Vermont.
By 1975 he was pursuing a vocation in radio newscasting, first at Temple University's WRTI and then at commercial enterprises. In 1975, he was employed at radio station WHAT and he became host of a weekly feature program of WCAU-FM in 1978. He was also employed for brief periods at radio station WPEN, and became active in the local chapter of the Marijuana Users Association of America. From 1979 he worked at WUHY public radio station until 1981 when he was asked to submit his resignation after a dispute about the requirements of objective focus in his presentation of news. As a radio journalist he earned the moniker "the voice of the voiceless" and was renowned for identifying with and giving exposure to the MOVE anarcho-primitivist commune in Philadelphia's Powelton Village neighborhood, including reportage of the 1979–80 trial of certain of its members (the "MOVE Nine") charged with the murder of police officer James Ramp. At the time of the killing of Daniel Faulkner, Abu-Jamal was working as a taxicab driver in Philadelphia. He was also the outgoing President of the Philadelphia Association of Black Journalists, and had been working part-time as a reporter for WDAS, then an African-American-oriented and minority-owned radio station.
Arrest for murder and trial
On December 9, 1981, in Philadelphia, close to the intersection at 13th and Locust Streets, Philadelphia Police Department officer Daniel Faulkner was shot and killed during a traffic stop. The stopped vehicle belonged to William Cook, Abu-Jamal's younger brother. In the altercation, Abu-Jamal was wounded by a shot from Faulkner, collapsed on the sidewalk, and was apprehended by the police. He was taken directly from the scene of the shooting to Thomas Jefferson University Hospital where he received treatment for his injuries. He was later charged with the first-degree murder of Daniel Faulkner.
The case went to trial in June 1982 in Philadelphia. Judge Albert F. Sabo initially agreed to Abu-Jamal's request to represent himself, with criminal defense attorney Anthony Jackson acting as his legal advisor. During the first day of the trial this decision was reversed and Jackson was ordered to resume acting as Abu-Jamal's sole advocate by reason of what the judge deemed to be intentionally disruptive actions on Abu-Jamal's part.
Prosecution case at trial
The prosecution presented four witnesses to the court. Robert Chobert, a cab driver, identified Abu-Jamal as the shooter. Cynthia White, a prostitute, claimed to see a man emerge from a nearby parking lot and shoot Faulkner. Michael Scanlon, a motorist, testified that from two car lengths away, he saw a man, matching Abu-Jamal's description, run across the street from a parking lot and shoot Faulkner. Albert Magilton, a pedestrian who did not see the actual killing, testified to witnessing Faulkner pull over Cook's car. At the point of seeing Abu-Jamal start to cross the street toward them from the parking lot, Magilton turned away and lost sight of what happened next.
The prosecution also presented two witnesses who were present at the hospital after the altercation. Hospital security guard Priscilla Durham and Police Officer Garry Bell testified that Abu-Jamal confessed in the hospital by saying, "I shot the mother fucker, and I hope the mother fucker dies."
A .38 caliber revolver, belonging to Abu-Jamal, with five spent cartridges was retrieved at the scene. The shell casings and rifling characteristics of the weapon were consistent with bullet fragments taken from Faulkner's body. Tests to confirm Abu-Jamal had handled and fired the weapon were not performed; Abu-Jamal's struggle with the police during his arrest would have made the potential results scientifically unreliable.
Defense case at trial
The defense maintained that Abu-Jamal was innocent of the charges and that the testimony of the prosecution's witnesses was unreliable.
The defense presented nine character witnesses, including poet Sonia Sanchez who testified that Abu-Jamal was "viewed by the black community as a creative, articulate, peaceful, genial man". Another defense witness, Dessie Hightower, testified that he saw a man running along the street shortly after the shooting although he did not see the actual shooting itself. His testimony contributed to the development of a "running man theory", based on the possibility that a "running man" may have been the actual shooter. Veronica Jones also testified for the defense but she did not see anyone running. Other potential defense witnesses refused to appear in court. Abu-Jamal did not testify in his own defense.
Verdict and sentence
The jury delivered a unanimous guilty verdict after three hours of deliberations.
In the sentencing phase of the trial, Abu-Jamal read to the jury from a prepared statement. He was then cross-examined about issues relevant to the assessment of his character by Joseph McGill, the prosecuting attorney. In his statement Abu-Jamal criticized his attorney as a "legal trained lawyer" who was imposed on him against his will and who "knew he was inadequate to the task and chose to follow the directions of this black-robed conspirator, [Judge] Albert Sabo, even if it meant ignoring my directions". He claimed that his rights had been "deceitfully stolen" from him by the judge, particularly focusing on the denial of his request to receive defense assistance from John Africa (who was not an attorney) and being prevented from proceeding pro se. He quoted remarks of John Africa and declared himself "innocent of these charges".
Abu-Jamal was subsequently sentenced to death by the unanimous decision of the jury.
Since the sentence, new claims contradicting the trial evidence have surfaced.
Eighteen years after the slaying, Arnold Beverly claimed that, "wearing a green (camouflage) army jacket", he had run across the street and shot Daniel Faulkner as part of a contract killing because Faulkner was interfering with graft and payoff to corrupt police. Private investigator George Newman claimed in 2001 that Chobert had recanted his testimony. Cynthia White died in 1992, and it was subsequently alleged that she falsified her testimony. Kenneth Pate, a stepbrother of Priscilla Durham who was imprisoned with Abu-Jamal on other charges, has since claimed that Durham admitted to not hearing the hospital confession. The hospital doctors have claimed that Abu-Jamal was not capable of making such a dramatic bedside confession at that time.
In his version of events, detailed in a sworn statement almost 20 years afterwards, Abu-Jamal claimed that he was sitting in his cab across the street when he heard shouting, then saw a police vehicle, then heard the sound of gunshots. Upon seeing his brother appearing disoriented across the street, Abu-Jamal ran to him from the parking lot and was shot by a police officer. The statement includes no mention of the gun that was found nearby him at the crime scene nor the corresponding firearms shoulder holster he was found to be wearing at the time of his arrest. William Cook did not testify or make any statement until 2001 when he claimed that he had not seen who had shot Faulkner.
Appeals and review
Direct appeal of his conviction was considered and denied by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania on March 6, 1989, subsequently denying rehearing. The Supreme Court of the United States denied his petition for writ of certiorari on October 1, 1990, and denied his petition for rehearing twice up to June 10, 1991.
On June 1, 1995 his death warrant was signed by Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge. Its execution was suspended while Abu-Jamal pursued state post-conviction review. At the post-conviction review hearings, new witnesses were called. William "Dales" Singletary testified that he saw the shooting and that the gunman was the passenger in Cook's car. Singletary's account contained discrepancies which rendered it "not credible" in the opinion of the court. William Harmon, a convicted fraudster, testified that Faulkner's murderer fled in a car which pulled up at the crime scene, and could not have been Abu-Jamal. However, Robert Harkins testified that he had witnessed a man stand over Faulkner as the latter lay wounded on the ground, who shot him point-blank in the face and then "walked and sat down on the curb".
The six judges of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled unanimously that all issues raised by Abu-Jamal, including the claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, were without merit. The Supreme Court of the United States denied a petition for certiorari against that decision on October 4, 1999, enabling Governor Ridge to sign a second death warrant on October 13, 1999. Its execution in turn was stayed as Abu-Jamal commenced his pursuit of federal habeas corpus review.
In 2008, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania rejected a further request from Abu-Jamal for a hearing into claims that the trial witnesses perjured themselves on the grounds that he had waited too long before filing the appeal.
Federal ruling directing resentencing
Judge William H. Yohn Jr. of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania upheld the conviction but voided the sentence of death on December 18, 2001, citing irregularities in the original process of sentencing. Particularly,
"...the jury instructions and verdict sheet in this case involved an unreasonable application of federal law. The charge and verdict form created a reasonable likelihood that the jury believed it was precluded from considering any mitigating circumstance that had not been found unanimously to exist."
He ordered the State of Pennsylvania to commence new sentencing proceedings within 180 days and ruled that it was unconstitutional to require that a jury's finding of circumstances mitigating against determining a sentence of death be unanimous. Eliot Grossman and Marlene Kamish, attorneys for Abu-Jamal, criticized the ruling on the grounds that it denied the possibility of a trial de novo at which they could introduce evidence that their client had been framed. Prosecutors also criticized the ruling; Maureen Faulkner (Officer Faulkner's widow) described Abu-Jamal as a "remorseless, hate-filled killer" who would "be permitted to enjoy the pleasures that come from simply being alive" on the basis of the judgement. Both parties appealed.
On December 6, 2005, the Third Circuit Court admitted four issues for appeal of the ruling of the District Court: 1) in relation to sentencing, whether the jury verdict form had been flawed and the judge's instructions to the jury had been confusing; 2) in relation to conviction and sentencing, whether racial bias in jury selection existed to an extent tending to produce an inherently biased jury and therefore an unfair trial (the Batson claim); 3) in relation to conviction, whether the prosecutor improperly attempted to reduce jurors' sense of responsibility by telling them that a guilty verdict would be subsequently vetted and subject to appeal; 4) in relation to post-conviction review hearings in 1995–6, whether the presiding judge, who had also presided at the trial, demonstrated unacceptable bias in his conduct.
The Third Circuit Court heard oral arguments in the appeals on May 17, 2007, at the United States Courthouse in Philadelphia. The appeal panel consisted of Chief Judge Anthony Joseph Scirica, Judge Thomas Ambro, and Judge Robert Cowen. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania sought to reinstate the sentence of death, on the basis that Yohn's ruling was flawed, as he should have deferred to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court which had already ruled on the issue of sentencing, and the Batson claim was invalid because Abu-Jamal made no complaints during the original jury selection. Abu-Jamal's counsel told the Third Circuit Court that Abu-Jamal did not get a fair trial because the jury was both racially-biased and misinformed, and the judge was a racist. (Court stenographer Terri Maurer-Carter stated in a 2001 affidavit that the presiding judge had exclaimed, "Yeah, and I'm going to help them fry the nigger", in the course of a conversation regarding Abu-Jamal's case. Judge Sabo denied making such a comment.)
On March 27, 2008, the three-judge panel issued a majority 2–1 opinion upholding Yohn's 2001 opinion but rejecting the bias and Batson claims, with Judge Ambro dissenting on the Batson issue. If the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania chooses not to hold a new hearing, Abu-Jamal will be automatically sentenced to life in prison. On July 22, 2008, Abu-Jamal's formal petition seeking reconsideration of the decision by the full Third Circuit panel of 12 judges was denied.
Life as a prisoner
In May 1994, Abu-Jamal was engaged by National Public Radio's All Things Considered program to deliver a series of monthly 3-minute commentaries on crime and punishment. The broadcast plans and commercial arrangement were canceled following condemnations from, amongst others, the Fraternal Order of Police and US Senator Bob Dole (R-KS). The commentaries later appeared in print in May 1995 as part of Live from Death Row.
In 1999, he was invited to deliver the keynote address for the graduating class at The Evergreen State College. The event was protested heavily. In 2000, he gave a commencement address at Antioch College. The New College of California School of Law has presented him with an honorary degree "for his struggle to resist the death penalty".
While his spoken word commentaries are recorded regularly, and may be listened to online at Prison Radio, and he continues to write a Saturday weekly column for the German language Marxist newspaper junge Welt, restrictions have at times been imposed upon his activities. In 1995, he was punished with solitary confinement for engaging in entrepreneurship contrary to prison regulations. Subsequent to the airing of the 1996 HBO documentary Mumia Abu-Jamal: A Case for Reasonable Doubt?, which included footage from visitation interviews conducted with him, the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections acted to ban outsiders from using any recording equipment in state prisons. In litigation before the US Court of Appeals in 1998 he successfully established his right to write for reward in prison. The same litigation also established that the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections had illegally opened his mail in an attempt to establish whether he was writing for financial gain. When, for a brief time in August 1999, he began delivering his radio commentaries live on the Pacifica Network's Democracy Now! weekday radio newsmagazine, local prison authorities severed the connecting wires of his telephone from their mounting in mid-performance.
His publications include Death Blossoms: Reflections from a Prisoner of Conscience, in which he explores religious themes, All Things Censored, a political critique examining issues of crime and punishment, and We Want Freedom: A Life in the Black Panther Party, which is a history of the Black Panthers drawing on autobiographical material.
Popular support and opposition
A broad international movement has allied in support of Abu-Jamal's cause with opposition coalesced about the family of Daniel Faulkner, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the Fraternal Order of Police, which in August 1999 called for an economic boycott against all individuals and organizations that support Abu-Jamal.
His supporters protest at perceived injustice or deplore the death penalty in his and other cases, and encompass prominent American labor unions and congresses; endorsees of the Partisan Defense Committee's campaign; US and foreign city governments; politicians; advocates; educators; the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund; human rights advocacy organizations such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International; and celebrities, such as the rock band Rage Against the Machine.
Honors and controversy
Abu-Jamal has been made an honorary citizen of about 25 cities around the world, including Paris, Montreal and Palermo. In 2001, he received the biannual Lübeck Erich Mühsam Prize, awarded by Frank-Thomas Gaulin of Kunsthaus Lübeck, for special commitment to human rights. In October 2002, he was conferred honorary membership of the Berlin-based Association of Those Persecuted by the Nazi Regime – Federation of Antifascists and Antifascist Groups (VVN-BdA).
On April 29, 2006, a newly-paved road in the Parisian suburb of St Denis was named Rue Mumia Abu-Jamal in his honor. In protest of the street-naming, US Congressman Michael Fitzpatrick (R-PA) and Senator Rick Santorum (R-PA) introduced resolutions in both Houses of Congress condemning the action. The House of Representatives voted 368–31 in favor of the resolution. In December 2006, the 25th anniversary of the murder, the executive committee of the Republican Party for the 59th Ward of the City of Philadelphia (covering approximately Germantown, Philadelphia), filed two criminal complaints in the French legal system against the city of Paris and the city of Saint-Denis citing the wrong of those municipalities' actions in "glorifying" Abu-Jamal and alleging the offense "apology or denial of crime" in respect of their actions.